Bile acid synthesis disorders (BASD)
What is BASD?
BASD is a group of rare genetic disorders that affect the ability to make normal, healthy bile acids. A mutation, or change, in certain genes prevents formation of normal bile acids and causes abnormal, toxic bile acids or build-up. This disrupts bile production and flow from the liver. This disruption is called cholestasis and may cause jaundice in people with BASD. If left untreated, BASD can cause:
- Liver damage that could require a transplant.
- Poor nutritional absorption.
- Vitamin deficiencies (a lack of vitamin A, D, E, or K).
- Failure to thrive.
What signs or symptoms should you watch for?
Signs of BASD to watch for include:
- Jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and eyes.
- Poor growth.
- Pale, strong-smelling stool.
- Dark-colored urine.
People with BASD who are on treatment should have their liver function checked regularly.
What are bile acids and why are they important?
Bile acids are a component of bile. Bile is a fluid made in the liver that contains substances the body needs to break down food and get proper nutrition. Bile helps the body:
- Absorb dietary fats, fat-soluble vitamins, and other nutrients.
- Get rid of excess cholesterol, waste, and toxins.
Two key bile acids necessary for proper digestion, absorption, and toxin removal are:
- Cholic acid
- Chenodeoxycholic acid
These 2 bile acids allow the liver to work normally by:
- Promoting bile flow out of the liver.
- Assisting in the absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins.
- Eliminating cholesterol from the body.
Abnormal bile flow or production can result in:
- Poor absorption of vital nutrients.
- Accumulation of toxic materials in the body.
How is BASD diagnosed?
BASD can be diagnosed by performing certain blood and urine tests, including:
- Direct bilirubin
- Alanine transaminase (ALT)/aspartate transaminase (AST)
- Gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT)
- Primary bile acids
Your doctor can diagnose BASD through genetic testing, which identifies specific genes that are associated with, or causing, cholestasis—a condition where bile flow is reduced or stopped.
Your child’s doctor can also run a simple urine test called an atypical bile acid test to detect the presence of atypical bile acids that are harmful to the liver.
How much does it cost to test for BASD?
If you qualify, these tests are available at no cost to you and can be ordered through your child’s doctor. Talk to your doctor about these free testing programs, available to eligible patients.
How is BASD treated?
BASD cannot be treated by lifestyle changes. When BASD is caused by a single enzyme defect, abnormal and toxic bile acids are formed, which can damage the liver.
Bile acid replacement therapy, such as CHOLBAM® (cholic acid) capsules, can help replace deficient cholic acid in people with BASD. Learn more about treating BASD with CHOLBAM®.
What is CHOLBAM® (cholic acid) capsules?
CHOLBAM® is a bile replacement medication that is taken by mouth. CHOLBAM® is indicated for:
- Patients with bile acid synthesis disorders due to single enzyme defects.
- Adjunctive treatment of peroxisomal disorders, including Zellweger spectrum disorders, in patients who show signs and symptoms of liver disease, steatorrhea (fatty stools), or complications from decreased fat-soluble vitamin absorption (A, D, E, K).
The safety and effectiveness CHOLBAM® on symptoms outside of the liver have not been studied.
How is CHOLBAM® taken?
CHOLBAM® is taken by mouth each day. It is recommended to take CHOLBAM® with food. Do not crush or chew capsules. If your child or loved one is unable to swallow capsules, talk to your doctor for instructions on how to take CHOLBAM®. CHOLBAM® is available in 50 mg and 250 mg capsules.
Is CHOLBAM® safe?
As with any medication, there is a possibility of side effects. In clinical studies, the most common side effect in about 2% of patients taking CHOLBAM® was diarrhea. All other side effects were less than or equal to 1% of patients.
Call your doctor right away if there is:
- Yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes.
- Dark or brown (tea-colored) urine.
- Pain on the right side of the stomach.
- Bleeding or bruising that occurs more easily than normal.
- Increased tiredness.
Discuss any side effects that concern you with your doctor.
Why is it important to take CHOLBAM® every day?
It’s important to take CHOLBAM® every day to help keep the normal balance of bile acids in the liver. Avoid missing doses and do not stop therapy without talking with your doctor.
How often should people taking CHOLBAM® see their doctor?
People taking CHOLBAM® should see their doctor regularly to be sure CHOLBAM® is working properly. Your child’s or loved one’s doctor will monitor liver function with appropriate tests every month for the first 3 months, every 3 months for the next 9 months, every 6 months for the next 3 years, and annually thereafter. The doctor may discontinue CHOLBAM® therapy if liver function does not improve within 3 months of starting treatment, if complete biliary obstruction develops, or if signs or symptoms of worsening liver function or cholestasis appear.
Why does the dosage change?
The amount of medication may change as weight changes. Be sure to monitor this carefully and have your child’s or loved one’s doctor adjust as needed, particularly during periods of rapid growth.
What is the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB?
The CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB is a comprehensive support program for patients who have been prescribed CHOLBAM® (cholic acid) capsules and their caregivers.
What does the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB offer?
Once enrolled in the program, you will be assigned a dedicated team of professionals to assist you with financial support, home delivery options, and answer questions you may have about the disease or treatment.
Do I have to be enrolled in the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB to receive CHOLBAM®?
In order to receive CHOLBAM®, your child or loved one needs to enroll in the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB. This allows us to verify your child’s or loved one’s insurance, see if you qualify for any additional assistance programs, as well as deliver CHOLBAM® to your home and refill prescriptions. Learn more about how to enroll in the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB or call 1-844-CHOLBAM (1-844-246-5226).
What financial support does the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB provide?
The CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB provides financial support by working with your child’s or loved one’s insurance company on benefit verification, prior authorizations, and appeals. The program also partners with your doctor’s staff to help organize relevant documentation throughout your child’s or loved one’s treatment and informs you about any copay assistance or other financial support available.
What if I can’t afford CHOLBAM®?
If you are privately or publicly insured, and have difficulty paying your copay, co-insurance or monthly premiums, the Total Care HUB (your exclusive pharmacy provider) may refer you to a copay assistance foundation that supports patients with BASD with liver involvement.
The financial assistance program will provide you direct access to a team of Case Managers in order to assist you in applying for financial assistance with your out-of-pocket expenses or health insurance premiums.
Besides financial support, what else does the CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB offer?
The CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB offers live, on-demand support, available 24/7, to answer questions about treatment and set up appointment reminders to help you stay on track. We also offer educational resources so you can learn about managing BASD and treatment.
Can I get CHOLBAM® delivered to my house?
Yes. The CHOLBAM® Total Care HUB provides convenient home delivery and prescription refills, so you can save on trips to the pharmacy and stay on schedule with your medication.
WHAT IS CHOLBAM® (cholic acid) capsules?
CHOLBAM is a prescription medicine. It is a bile acid used for
- Treatment of bile acid synthesis disorders (malfunction in the production of bile acid in the liver) due to a lack of a single enzyme responsible for bile acid production
- Treatment (in addition to other treatments) of peroxisomal disorders (a loss of function in important parts of the cell), including Zellweger spectrum disorders, in patients who show signs or symptoms of liver disease, pale stools due to too much fat, or problems resulting from not absorbing certain vitamins (A, D, E, K)
The safety and effectiveness of CHOLBAM on symptoms outside of the liver have not been studied.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
CHOLBAM may not be right for you. Before taking CHOLBAM, tell your doctor about:
- All health conditions you may have and any medications you may be taking
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Women who become pregnant during CHOLBAM treatment are encouraged to call 1-844-202-6262
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed
What are the possible side effects of CHOLBAM?
- Serious Side Effects: You will need to undergo laboratory testing periodically while on treatment to assess liver function. CHOLBAM may worsen liver function. Tell your doctor right away if you experience symptoms associated with worsening of liver function (e.g., skin or the whites of eyes turn yellow, urine turns dark or brown [tea colored], pain on the right side of stomach, bleeding or bruising occurs more easily than normal, or increased lethargy). Your doctor will decide if you need to discontinue treatment with CHOLBAM.
- Most Common Side Effects: Diarrhea, acid reflux that damages the lining of the esophagus, discomfort and fatigue, yellowing of skin or eyes, skin lesion, nausea, abdominal pain, formation of growths in the intestinal tract, urinary tract infection, nerve damage causing change in sensation in extremities.
These are not all the possible side effects of CHOLBAM. Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. You may also report side effects to Travere Therapeutics at 1-877-659-5518.
Please see accompanying full Prescribing Information for additional Important Safety Information.